Pietro Rotari

Santa Maria Maddalena in estasi

Pietro Antonio Rotari
( Verona, 1707 - Saint Petersburg, 1762 )

Oil on canvas 46.5x36 cm

The highly refined painting before us depicts Saint Mary Magdalen in a state of ecstasy, and the artist downplays any descriptive ornament in favour of intense facial expression.

Clearly, the inscription at lower right (“CONTE PIETRO DE ROTARI 1757”) is not original, but although it was an addition it seems entirely plausible and accurate, also as regards dating. We may imagine that these words were visible on the back of the canvas before its recent relining, and that they were written out on the front so as to document the history of the work.

Certainly, the pictorial quality of this tender female figure leaves no doubt as to its status: far from being a copy, this is an autograph work by Pietro Rotari, and in this instance we are looking at his replica of the same subject housed in the Gemäldegalerie, Dresden. The canvas in Germany has almost exactly the same dimensions (45 x 35 cm).

The latter painting dates from the end of the artist’s years in Vienna and Dresden (1750-1756) and reflects his success in various European courts, not only with state portraits but with the genre of bust-lengths figures “di espressione”, in which description of character had a Gallic refinement that placed Rotari among the leading international artists of the late Rococo period. As regards our picture, the inscription referring to the year 1757 dates it to the beginning of the artist’s Russian sojourn, which lasted from May 1756 until his death.

It is clear that Rotari’s taste, not to mention that of his patrons, was not for narrative painting but rather the moti d’animo – a depiction of the “motions of the mind”, in Leonardo da Vinci’s words. The Arcadian sensibility of Rotari’s time leant towards the sentimental and languid, in which the subject (even a sacred one, as in our case) was nothing more than a pretext for this sort of image.

Enrico Maria Guzzo